The lining of our mouth and tongue is made of a special type of membrane called mucosa. Mucosa
is typically pink in color, but there are ways for the lining to change color.
What do these white spots look like?
These spots can vary in size and can differ on a person-to-person basis. Spots can also be
irregularly shaped. In many cases, white spots on the tongue start on the edge of the tongue and
move towards the center. White spots that line the mouth are typically found on the inner sides of
Can STDs cause white spots in the mouth?
There are numerous causes for white spots to appear in the mouth. Getting tested regularly is
the best way to stay up-to-date on your sexual health. If you are having unprotected sex or sex
with a new partner, STD testing may be the right decision for you.
Most people don't know that white spots around the tongue or mouth may be a symptom of
chlamydia, gonorrhea, HIV, and AIDS.
Gonorrhea and chlamydia are curable with antibiotics if detected and treated early. As long as
it's treat in the early stages, long-term risks associated with gonorrhea and chlamydia are
While HIV is not curable, patients can treat and manage the disease with a highly active
antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in order to maintain a high quality of life, for as long as
possible. Most patients start treatment for HIV/AIDS immediately upon receiving their test results
to help prevent future symptoms and complications.
Untreated STDs can cause long term health problems for patients, so it's important to get
tested if you believe you're at risk.
What else can cause white spots or patches in the mouth?
Aside from STDs, there are a number of causes that could be causing white spots around the mouth.
Excessively dry mouth: If
your mouth becomes dry for prolonged periods, it is possible to develop white spots or
patches around your tongue or mouth. This is sometimes referred to as 'cotton
Thrush: A growth of a yeast
that has manifested itself in the mouth. These white spots can develop on the gums, cheeks,
or the roof of the mouth or even the tongue.
Migratory glossitis: sometimes referred to as 'geographic tongue,' is a condition that
presents itself as tiny, pinkish-white bumps (papillae), which are actually short, fine,
hair-like projections. This condition is benign, with no risk to the patient.
Oral/mouth cancer: One of
the symptoms of oral cancer can be white spots covering the inner parts of the mouth and
tongue. Special testing is required to determine if your white spots are a result of