Trichomoniasis Prevention & Risks

Reviewed by Ruthann Cunningham, MD, July 27, 2017

How is trichomoniasis spread?

Trichomoniasis is passed between sex partners. It is spread through vaginal intercourse, sharing sex toys and mutual masturbation if fluids from one partner are passed to the genitals of the other.

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How can I prevent getting or spreading trichomoniasis?

The easiest way to lessen your chances of contracting trichomoniasis is to abstain from sex. In the event you do have sex, using latex condoms correctly will help reduce the risk of getting or spreading trichomoniasis. However, condoms don't cover the entire genital area and it is possible to get or spread this infection even when using a condom.

What are the complications from untreated trichomoniasis?

Trichomoniasis can increase the risk of getting or spreading other sexually transmitted infections. For example, trichomoniasis can cause genital inflammation that makes it easier to get infected with HIV or to pass the HIV virus on to a sex partner. It can also cause pre-term birth in pregnant women and low birth weight in newborns.

Will trichomoniasis affect my ability to have children?

Trichomoniasis can potentially affect your ability to conceive children. Pregnant women infected with it are more likely to have a premature delivery. Babies born to infected mothers are at risk for having a lower birth weight.

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