Chlamydia can be cured.
Once you are diagnosed with chlamydia, the good news is that is can be easily and effectively cured with antibiotics. But not just any old antibiotics. The antibiotics most often prescribed to kill the bacteria that causes chlamydia are azithromycin or doxycycline. Your doctor will either have you take a single (oral) dose of azithromycin or seven days' worth of doxycycline. The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) also recommends that doctors can prescribe other oral antibiotics for seven days including erythromycin, ofloxacin or levofloxacin. Talk to you doctor about which option might be best for you.
Any alternatives to antibiotics?
Not really. That is, there aren't other treatments with an over 90% success rate of killing the bacteria that cause chlamydia like antibiotics.
If I get chlamydia once, can I get it again?
Once cured, the chlamydia infection should clear within a week, but you can be re-infected with chlamydia. Being cured doesn't mean being immune. You can get it again. That's why sexual partners should be treated at the same time so that the untreated partner still harboring the bacterial infection doesn't reinfect the treated partner.
People treated for chlamydia are often treated for gonorrhea at the same time.
Since people infected with chlamydia are often also infected with gonorrhea, doctors usually recommend treatments for both infections at once. This involves another antibiotic: either cefixine orally in pill or liquid form; or ceftriaxone as a single shot.
Pregnant women can take antibiotics too.
Always consult with your doctor, but chlamydia can be cured during pregnancy with antibiotics. You may not be comfortable taking antibiotics during your first term, but it's during the first term when it's most important to protect the fetus from the infection. Chlamydia is the leading cause of prenatal (before baby's birth) pneumonia and conjunctivitis (pink eye) in newborns according to the CDC. These problem can lead to infant mortality (death) or blindness. Chlamydia can also be passed from mother to baby at birth. Your doctor will help you weigh the risks involved to come up with a treatment that makes you feel most comfortable. The oral antibiotic recommended for pregnant women are azithromycin, erythromycin, or sometimes amoxicillin.