Chlamydia overview


What is chlamydia?

Chlamydia is a very common and curable sexually transmitted disease (STD). It's caused by a kind of bacteria called the chlamydia trachomatis bacteria and can be passed from person to person during vaginal, oral and anal sex. There are an estimated 2.8 million new cases of chlamydia in the United States each year, with most going undiagnosed.

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What are the symptoms of chlamydia?

Most of the time, chlamydia does not show any signs. So you can have it and not know it. If you do get chlamydia symptoms, they'll appear in a few weeks after sexual contact. Chlamydia symptoms in women can appear as painful urination, unusual vaginal discharge, bleeding between periods, and stomach pain. Chlamydia symptoms in men can be discharge from the penis, painful urination, burning or itching around the penis.

How do I get chlamydia?

Vaginal, anal, and (sometimes) oral sex. Chlamydia can be passed along even if the penis or tongue doesn't fully enter the vagina or anus. So, how can it be prevented? Well, while unpopular, not having sex at all is the only way to be 100% safe from STDs. If you are sexually active, condom use every time for oral, vaginal, and anal sex is your best bet for staying healthy.

How do I get tested for chlamydia?

The Chlamydia Nucleic Acid Amplification (NAA) Test is a urine test, offered in both of the test panels. This test is highly recommended by the CDC for its accuracy. There's no swabbing - all you do is pee in a cup.

What should I know about the Chlamydia Test?

This urine test is the current standard, the most accurate, and widely used for detecting chlamydia trachomatis bacteria. It's based on amplification of the DNA of the bacteria. Because this test is so sensitive, it's highly unlikely to have false-positive results. After your results are ready, we will put you in touch with a physician on the phone if you're positive... at no extra cost. Depending on your situation, he or she will advise you on next steps and, if necessary, prescribe treatment form chlamydia.

Is there a cure for chlamydia?

Chlamydia is curable and treatment is easy. If you test positive for chlamydia, a doctor can prescribe antibiotics to kill the chlamydia bacteria. Remember, both you and your partner must be treated for chlamydia before you can have any kind of sex again. It's the best way to avoid getting re-infected. And with all medication, it only works if you follow your doctor's instructions so read the label carefully.

What if I don't get treated for chlamydia?

For some people, untreated chlamydia can have serious consequences. In women, untreated infections can lead to chronic pelvic pain, pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), infertility, and potentially dangerous tubal pregnancy. It can also cause prenatal problems for an unborn baby including pneumonia. Women infected with chlamydia are at a higher risk for HIV if exposed to it. In men, untreated infection can spread to other parts of the penis, prostate and testicles and cause pain and inflammation. Untreated, chlamydia can also lead to sterility in men.

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